Manual Of Mineralogy And Lithology

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Arrowpoints, Spearheads, and Knives of Prehistoric Times

Arrowpoints, Spearheads, and Knives of Prehistoric Times Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas Wilson
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1510720081
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Arrowpoints, Spearheads, and Knives of Prehistoric Times by Thomas Wilson Summary

A thorough history of the weapons and tools our prehistoric ancestors used to survive, this book reveals a world that will fascinate anyone interested in outdoor skills, ancient weapons, or anthropology. Thomas Wilson explains the many types of arrowheads, spears, and knives used by the peoples of the Paleolithic period across Western Europe and the early days of America. He details the materials from which these tools were made, how and where they were manufactured, and the purposes for which they were crafted—from hunting and cutting to scraping and grinding. Lavishly illustrated with hundreds of drawings of these tools, including microscopic details of the flint and other stones from which they were crafted, this is a rare look into what seems like mankind's not-so-distant past.

Handbook of Mathematical Geosciences

Handbook of Mathematical Geosciences Pdf/ePub eBook Author: B.S. Daya Sagar,Qiuming Cheng,Frits Agterberg
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319789996
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Handbook of Mathematical Geosciences by B.S. Daya Sagar,Qiuming Cheng,Frits Agterberg Summary

This Open Access handbook published at the IAMG's 50th anniversary, presents a compilation of invited path-breaking research contributions by award-winning geoscientists who have been instrumental in shaping the IAMG. It contains 45 chapters that are categorized broadly into five parts (i) theory, (ii) general applications, (iii) exploration and resource estimation, (iv) reviews, and (v) reminiscences covering related topics like mathematical geosciences, mathematical morphology, geostatistics, fractals and multifractals, spatial statistics, multipoint geostatistics, compositional data analysis, informatics, geocomputation, numerical methods, and chaos theory in the geosciences.

Proceedings of the 10th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM)

Proceedings of the 10th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Maarten A.T.M. Broekmans
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642276822
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Proceedings of the 10th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) by Maarten A.T.M. Broekmans Summary

This book comprises 96 peer-reviewed contributions submitted to the 10th ICAM Congress, held in Trondheim, Norway on 01-05 August 2011. Themes covered include: 1) Advanced materials, including high-performance technical ceramics and glasses, 2) Analytical techniques, instrumentation and automation, 3) Bio-mimetic mineral materials, medical mineralogy, 4) Construction materials including cement/SCMs, concrete, bricks, tiles, screeds, 5) Cultural heritage, stone artifacts and preservation, 6) Environment and energy mineralogy, including CO2 sequestration, 7) Geometallurgy and process mineralogy, and 8) Industrial minerals including gems, ore minerals, and mineral exploration.

Mineralogical and Geochemical Approaches to Provenance

Mineralogical and Geochemical Approaches to Provenance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: E. Troy Rasbury,Sidney R. Hemming,Nancy R. Riggs
Editor: Geological Society of America
ISBN: 0813724872
FileSize: 1939kb
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Mineralogical and Geochemical Approaches to Provenance by E. Troy Rasbury,Sidney R. Hemming,Nancy R. Riggs Summary

Advanced Control and Supervision of Mineral Processing Plants

Advanced Control and Supervision of Mineral Processing Plants Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Daniel Sbárbaro,René Del Villar
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781849961066
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Advanced Control and Supervision of Mineral Processing Plants by Daniel Sbárbaro,René Del Villar Summary

Advanced Control and Supervision of Mineral Processing Plants describes the use of dynamic models of mineral processing equipment in the design of control, data reconciliation and soft-sensing schemes; through examples, it illustrates tools integrating simulation and control system design for comminuting circuits and flotation columns. Coverage is given to the design of soft sensors based on either single-point measurements or more complex measurements like images. Issues concerning data reconciliation and its employment in the creation of instrument architecture and fault diagnosis are surveyed. In consideration of the widespread use of distributed control and information management systems in mineral processing, the book describes the platforms and toolkits available for implementing such systems. Applications of the techniques described in real plants are used to highlight their benefits; information for all of the examples, together with supporting MATLAB® code can be found at www.springer.com/978-1-84996-105-9.

Rare Earths Industry

Rare Earths Industry Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ismar Borges De Lima,Walter Leal Filho
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128025689
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Rare Earths Industry by Ismar Borges De Lima,Walter Leal Filho Summary

Rare Earths elements are composed of 15 chemical elements in the periodic table. Scandium and yttrium have similar properties, with mineral assemblages, and are therefore referred alike in the literature. Although abundant in the planet surface, the Rare Earths are not found in concentrated forms, thus making them economically valued as they are so challenging to obtain. Rare Earths Industry: Technological, Economic and Environmental Implications provides an interdisciplinary orientation to the topic of Rare Earths with a focus on technical, scientific, academic, economic, and environmental issues. Part I of book deals with the Rare Earths Reserves and Mining, Part II focuses on Rare Earths Processes and High-Tech Product Development, and Part III deals with Rare Earths Recycling Opportunities and Challenges. The chapters provide updated information and priceless analysis of the theme, and they seek to present the latest techniques, approaches, processes and technologies that can reduce the costs of compliance with environmental concerns in a way it is possible to anticipate and mitigate emerging problems. Discusses the influence of policy on Rare Earth Elements to help raise interest in developing strategies for management resource development and exploitation Global contributions will address solutions in countries that are high RE producers, including China, Brazil, Australia, and South China End of chapter critical summaries outline the technological, economic and environmental implications of rare earths reserves, exploration and market Provides a concise, but meaningful, geopolitical analysis of the current worldwide scenario and importance of rare earths exploration for governments, corporate groups, and local stakeholders

Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments

Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: R.G. Rothwell
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400911335
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Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments by R.G. Rothwell Summary

Over 60% of the Earth's surface is covered with deep marine sediments, however, until the early 1980s, no comprehensive text books appeared to support the rapid expansion in the study of these sediments. While the whole field of marine geology has expanded enormously and entirely new disciplines, such as paleoceanography, have been developed, there remains a lack of reference texts on study techniques that investigators in the marine community can turn to. Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments is an optical identifica tion guide that I believe will become a standard reference text for use in the microscope analysis of marine sediment& and sedimentary rocks. The systematic collection of sediment cores from the deep ocean floor began in earnest with the Swedish Deep Sea Expedition, 1947-1948. Much of the microscopic examination of the sediments collected in these piston cores (10 m+ long) was conducted on separated grain mounts or thin sections of impregnated sediments. By the late 1960s a simpler technique of examining a mounted smear of the cored silt and clay size sediment on a microscope slide had become standard practice in American oceanographic institutions. This semi quantitative technique became the standard tool used in core description aboard Glomar Challenger through the 15 years of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP), 1968-1983. Visual percentage estimates of biogenic and mineral components were made using petrologic micro scopes.

The Soils of Italy

The Soils of Italy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edoardo A.C. Costantini,Carmelo Dazzi
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400756429
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The Soils of Italy by Edoardo A.C. Costantini,Carmelo Dazzi Summary

The Soils of Italy is the first comprehensive book on Italian pedology in seventy years. Taking advantage of the authors’ large experience and of the most up-to-date information and technology, this book treats the main soil types of Italy, their diffusion, their functions, ecological use, and the threats to which they are subjected during centuries of intensive management. It also deals with future scenarios of the relationships between soil science and other disciplines, such as urban development, medicine, economics, sociology, and archaeology. The description of the soils is accompanied by a complete set of data, pictures and maps, including benchmark profiles. Factors of soil formation are also treated, making use of new, unpublished data and elaborations. The book also includes a history of pedological research in Italy, spanning over a century.

Hydrogeology Field Manual, 2e

Hydrogeology Field Manual, 2e Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Willis D. Weight
Editor: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071601201
FileSize: 1202kb
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Hydrogeology Field Manual, 2e by Willis D. Weight Summary

Dramatically Improve Your Hydrogeology Field Skills and Master New Advances in Groundwater Science The Second Edition of Hydrogeology Field Manual provides the latest information on applied applications in groundwater sampling and water-quality assessment, aquifer characterization, contamination issues, karst applications, and more. The book includes actual procedures, real-world decisions, and many examples and case studies to help you understand the occurrence and movement of groundwater in a variety of geologic settings. Filled with tips, tricks-of-the-trade, and anecdotes from seasoned field hydrogeologists, the book explains how to gain instant expertise in most field methodologies and expand your abilities for data interpretation ...and other essential skills. The Second Edition of Hydrogeology Field Manual features: Sage advice on how to collect hydrogeologic field data Guidance on drilling methods, safety, and work with drilling contractors A practical description of slug testing Effective site characterization methods Expert advice on monitoring-well design Over 250 skills-building illustrations and photos Two new chapters on karst hydrogeology, including characterization and performing dye tracer tests All chapters have new material, including more examples and worked problems If you are still in college, a recent graduate, or a working professional needing a ready reference to assist you with field-related matters, this is your book. Experienced hydrogeologists and those in related fields will also welcome the practical time-saving and trouble-avoidance tips. Capitalize on Cutting-Edge Techniques of Field Hydrogeology • Field Hydrogeology • The Geology of Hydrogeology • Aquifer Properties • Basic Geophysics of the Shallow Subsurface • Groundwater Flow • Groundwater/Surface Water Interaction • Water Chemistry Sampling and Results • Drilling and Well Completion • Pumping Tests • Aquifer Hydraulics • Slug Testing • Vadose Zone • Karst Hydrogeology • Tracer Tests • Dye Trace Testing

Geological Methods in Mineral Exploration and Mining

Geological Methods in Mineral Exploration and Mining Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Roger Marjoribanks
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401158223
FileSize: 1450kb
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Geological Methods in Mineral Exploration and Mining by Roger Marjoribanks Summary

This book is written as a practical field manual to effective. Each geolOgist has to develop his/her be used by geologists engaged in mineral explo own techniques and will ultimately be judged on ration. It is also hoped that it will serve as a text results, not the process by which these results and reference for students in Applied Geology were reached. In mineral exploration, the only courses of universities and colleges. The book 'right' way of doing anything is the way that aims to outline some of the practical skills that locates ore in the quickest and most cost-effective turn the graduate geologist into an explo manner. It is preferable, however, for an individ rationist:. It is intended as a practical 'how to' ual to develop his/her own method of operation book, rather than as a text on geological or ore after having tried, and become aware of, those deposit theory. procedures which experience has shown to work An explorationist is a professional who search well and which are generally accepted in indus try as good exploration practice. es for ore bodies in a scientific and structured way. Although an awkward and artificial term, The chapters of the book approximately fol this is the only available word to describe the low the steps which a typical exploration pro totality of the skills which are needed to locate gramme would go through. In Chapter 1, the and define economic mineralization.