Atlas optischer Erscheinungen / Atlas de phénomènes d’optique / Atlas of Optical Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Atlas optischer Erscheinungen / Atlas de phénomènes d’optique / Atlas of Optical Phenomena by Michel Cagnet,M. Francon,S. Mallick Summary

Vorwort This collection is a continuation of the Ce recueil fait suite a I'Atlas de phenomemes Diese Zusammenstellung ist eine Fort "Atlas of Optical Phenomena" published setzung des 1962 veröffentlichten Atlas d'optique publie en 1962. 11 nous a paru in 1962. We thought it would be interesting optischer Erscheinungen. Es schien uns interessant de presenter un certain nombre to present a certain number of photographs interessant, eine gewisse Anzahl von de photographies en couleurs dont l'inter€lt in color the interest of which is much Photographien in Farbe zu bringen, da die est evidemment plus grand en optique que greater in optics than in any other domain Bedeutung der Farbe in der Optik offen dans tout autre domaine de la physique. of Physics. sichtlich größer als in jedem anderen Ge- Nous avons suivi le meme plan que dans We have followed the same general plan biet der Physik ist. la premiere publication, chaque planche as in the earlier publication, each plate Der Plan ist der gleiche wie in der ersten etant· accompagnee d'un texte tres simple being accompanied by a simple text ex- Publikation. Jeder Abbildung wird ein sehr expliquant le phenomene photographie. plaining the photographed phenomenon. einfacher Text zur Erklärung der photo- Nous sommes heureux de remercier les We wish to thank Drs. R.E. Brooks, L.O. graphischen Erscheinungen beigefügt. Drs. R.E. Brooks, L.O. Heflinger et R.F.

Transport Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Transport Phenomena by Larry A. Glasgow Summary

Enables readers to apply transport phenomena principles to solve advanced problems in all areas of engineering and science This book helps readers elevate their understanding of, and their ability to apply, transport phenomena by introducing a broad range of advanced topics as well as analytical and numerical solution techniques. Readers gain the ability to solve complex problems generally not addressed in undergraduate-level courses, including nonlinear, multidimensional transport, and transient molecular and convective transport scenarios. Avoiding rote memorization, the author emphasizes a dual approach to learning in which physical understanding and problem-solving capability are developed simultaneously. Moreover, the author builds both readers' interest and knowledge by: Demonstrating that transport phenomena are pervasive, affecting every aspect of life Offering historical perspectives to enhance readers' understanding of current theory and methods Providing numerous examples drawn from a broad range of fields in the physical and life sciences and engineering Contextualizing problems in scenarios so that their rationale and significance are clear This text generally avoids the use of commercial software for problem solutions, helping readers cultivate a deeper understanding of how solutions are developed. References throughout the text promote further study and encourage the student to contemplate additional topics in transport phenomena. Transport Phenomena is written for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in chemical and mechanical engineering. Upon mastering the principles and techniques presented in this text, all readers will be better able to critically evaluate a broad range of physical phenomena, processes, and systems across many disciplines.

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals by Joel L. Plawsky Summary

The third edition of Transport Phenomena Fundamentals continues with its streamlined approach to the subject of transport phenomena, based on a unified treatment of heat, mass, and momentum transport using a balance equation approach. The new edition makes more use of modern tools for working problems, such as COMSOL®, Maple®, and MATLAB®. It introduces new problems at the end of each chapter and sorts them by topic for ease of use. It also presents new concepts to expand the utility of the text beyond chemical engineering. The text is divided into two parts, which can be used for teaching a two-term course. Part I covers the balance equation in the context of diffusive transport—momentum, energy, mass, and charge. Each chapter adds a term to the balance equation, highlighting that term's effects on the physical behavior of the system and the underlying mathematical description. Chapters familiarize students with modeling and developing mathematical expressions based on the analysis of a control volume, the derivation of the governing differential equations, and the solution to those equations with appropriate boundary conditions. Part II builds on the diffusive transport balance equation by introducing convective transport terms, focusing on partial, rather than ordinary, differential equations. The text describes paring down the microscopic equations to simplify the models and solve problems, and it introduces macroscopic versions of the balance equations for when the microscopic approach fails or is too cumbersome. The text discusses the momentum, Bernoulli, energy, and species continuity equations, including a brief description of how these equations are applied to heat exchangers, continuous contactors, and chemical reactors. The book also introduces the three fundamental transport coefficients: the friction factor, the heat transfer coefficient, and the mass transfer coefficient in the context of boundary layer theory. The final chapter covers the basics of radiative heat transfer, including concepts such as blackbodies, graybodies, radiation shields, and enclosures. The third edition incorporates many changes to the material and includes updated discussions and examples and more than 70 new homework problems.

Theory of Thermoluminescence and Related Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Theory of Thermoluminescence and Related Phenomena by Reuven Chen,S. W. S. McKeever Summary

In this book, the authors give an up-to-date account of thermoluminescence (TL) and other thermally stimulated phenomena. Although most recent experimental results of TL in different materials are described in some detail, the main emphasis in the present book is on general processes, and the approach is more theoretical. Thus the details of the possible processes which can take place during the excitation of the sample, and during its heating, are carefully analysed. The methods for analysing TL glow curves are critically discussed, and recommendations as to their application are made. Also discussed is the expected behavior of these phenomena as functions of the experimental parameters, for example, dose of excitation. The consequences of the main applications of TL (for example, radiation dosimetry) are also discussed in detail as are the similarities and dissimilarities of other thermally stimulated phenomena, and the simultaneous measurements of the latter and TL.

Interfacial Phenomena in Drug Delivery and Targeting

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Interfacial Phenomena in Drug Delivery and Targeting by G. Buckton Summary

Download or read Interfacial Phenomena in Drug Delivery and Targeting book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena by Milton J. Rosen Summary

This book is the premier text on the properties and applications ofsurfactants. The third edition is completely updated and revised,including new information on gemini surfactants (a new type ofpowerful surfactant), superspreading (or superwetting) by aqueoussurfactant solutions of highly hydrophobic surfaces (important inagricultural applications), and dynamic surface tension (animportant interfacial property not covered in the first twoeditions). * Clearly explains the mechanisms by which surfactants operate ininterfacial processes * Uses a minimum of mathematics in explanation of topics, making iteasy-to-understand and very user-friendly * Problems are included at the end of each chapter * Includes many tables of data as reference that are not compiledelsewhere * Milton J Rosen is an expert in the field of Surfactant research

Magnetoelectric Interaction Phenomena in Crystals

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Magnetoelectric Interaction Phenomena in Crystals by Manfred Fiebig,Victor V. Eremenko,Irina E. Chupis Summary

In the quest for higher data density in information technology manipulation of magnetization by other means than magnetic fields has become an important challenge. This lead to a startling revival of the magnetoelectric effect, which characterizes induction of a polarization by a magnetic field or of a magnetization by an electric field. The magnetoelectric crosslink of material properties opens just those degrees of freedom which are needed for the mutual control of magnetic and electric states. The book gives a state-of-the-art review on magnetoelectrics research, classifies current research tendencies, and points out possible future trends. Novel compounds and growth techniques and new theoretical concepts for the understanding of magnetoelectric coupling phenomena are introduced. Highlights are the discovery of "gigantic" magnetoelectric effects which are strong enough to trigger electric or magnetic phase transitions; the concept of magnetochirality; and development "structural" magnetoelectric effects in artificial multiphase compounds. The book is addressed to condensed-matter physicists with a particular focus on experts in highly correlated systems.

Irreversible Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Irreversible Phenomena by Kunio Terao Summary

Ideals are simple and able to be easily understood, but never exist in reality. In this book a theory based on the second law of thermodynamics and its applications are described. In thermodynamics there is a concept of an ideal gas which satisfies a mathematical formula PV = RT. This formula can appro- mately be applied to the real gas, so far as the gas has not an especially high pressure and low temperature. In connection with the second law of thermo- namics there is also a concept of reversible and irreversible processes. The reversible process is a phenomenon proceeding at an infinitely low velocity, while the irreversible process is that proceeding with a finite velocity. Such a process with an infinitely slow velocity can really never take place, and all processes observed are always irreversible, therefore, the reversible process is an ideal process, while the irreversible process is a real process. According to the first law of thermodynamics the energy increase dU of the thermodynamic system is a sum of the heat dQ added to the system and work dW done in the system. Practically, however, the mathematical formula of the law is often expressed by the equation , or some similar equations derived from this formula, is applied to many phenomena. Such formulae are, however, th- retically only applicable to phenomena proceeding at an infinitely low velocity, that is, reversible processes or ideal processes.

Combustion Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Combustion Phenomena by Jozef Jarosinski,Bernard Veyssiere Summary

Extensively using experimental and numerical illustrations, Combustion Phenomena: Selected Mechanisms of Flame Formation, Propagation, and Extinction provides a comprehensive survey of the fundamental processes of flame formation, propagation, and extinction. Taking you through the stages of combustion, leading experts visually display, mathematically explain, and clearly theorize on important physical topics of combustion. After a historical introduction to the field, they discuss combustion chemistry, flammability limits, and spark ignition. They also study counterflow twin-flame configuration, flame in a vortex core, the propagation characteristics of edge flames, instabilities, and tulip flames. In addition, the book describes flame extinction in narrow channels, global quenching of premixed flames by turbulence, counterflow premixed flame extinction limits, the interaction of flames with fluids in rotating vessels, and turbulent flames. The final chapter explores diffusion flames as well as combustion in spark- and compression-ignition engines. It also examines the transition from deflagration to detonation, along with the detonation wave structure. With a CD-ROM of images that beautifully illustrate a range of combustion phenomena, this book facilitates a practical understanding of the processes occurring in the conception, spread, and extinguishment of a flame. It will help you on your way to finding solutions to real issues encountered in transportation, power generation, industrial processes, chemical engineering, and fire and explosion hazards.

Chromic Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Chromic Phenomena by Peter Bamfield,Michael G. Hutchings Summary

Chromic phenomena, or those produced by materials which exhibit colour in response to a chemical or physical stimulus, have increasingly been at the heart of 'high-tec' developments in a variety of fields in the last decade. Many of the newer technologies, which are at the cutting edge of research, are multi-disciplinary, involving researchers from areas as diverse as physics, biology, materials science and electronic engineering. Chromic Phenomena covers five main areas: Colour change materials, such as photochromic, thermochromic and electrochromic materials; Materials which absorb and reflect light - the classical dyes and pigments; Luminescent phenomena, including phosphorescence, fluorescence and electroluminescence; Materials which absorb light and transfer energy, eg photosensitisers, infra-red absorbers and laser-addressable compounds; Phenomena involving the manipulation of light by chemicals, such as liquid crystals, lustre pigments, optoelectronics and photonics Providing an entry point both for new researchers and for established ones, this book, with its emphasis on the technological applications of these chromic phenomena, develops and investigates new applications for colour chemistry. It will be of interest to industrialists and professionals in the biological, medicinal, electronics/telecommunications and colorant industries, as well as academics in these fields.

Transport Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Transport Phenomena by R. Byron Bird,Warren E. Stewart,Edwin N. Lightfoot Summary

This book presents balanced treatment of transport phenomena and equal emphasis on mass transport, momentum transport and energy transport. It include extensive reference to applications of material covered and the addition of appendices on applied mathematics topics, the Boltzmann equation, and a summary of the basic equations in several coordinate systems. 'Transport phenomena' offers literature citations throughout so you and your students know where to find additional material. It contains - Transport properties in two-phase systems; Boundary-layer theory; Heat and mass transfer coefficients; Dimensional analysis and scaling.

Transport Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Transport Phenomena by Robert S. Brodkey,Harry C. Hershey Summary

This book teaches the basic equations of transport phenomena in a unified manner and uses the analogy between heat transfer and mass and momentum to explain the more difficult concepts. Part I covers the basic concepts in transport phenomena. Part II covers applications in greater detail. Part III deals with the transport properties. The three transport phenomena-heat, mass, and momentum transfer-are treated in depth through simultaneous (or parallel) developments. Transport properties such as viscosity, thermal conductivity, and mass diffusion coefficient are introduced in a simple manner early on and then applied throughout the rest of the book. Advanced discussion is provided separately. An entire chapter is devoted to the crucial material of non-Newtonian phenomena. This book covers heat transfer as it pertains to transport phenomena, and covers mass transfer as it relates to the analogy with heat and momentum. The book includes a complete treatment of fluid mechanics for Ch. E's. The treatment begins with Newton's law and including laminar flow, turbulent flow, fluid statics, boundary layers, flow past immersed bodies, and basic and advanced design in pipes, heat exchanges, and agitation vessels. This text is the only one to cover modern agitation design and scale-up thoroughly. The chapter on turbulence covers not only traditional approaches but also includes the most contemporary concepts of the transition and of coherent structures in turbulence. The book includes an extensive treatment of fluidization. Computer programs and numerical methods are integrated throughout the text, especially in the example problems.

Unexplained Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Unexplained Phenomena by John Michell,Bob Rickard,Robert J. M. Rickard Summary

The Rough Guide to Unexplained Phenomena is an exploration of the zone that lies between the known and the unknown, a shadowy territory that's home to lake monsters, combusting people, teleporting frogs and man-eating trees. Taking a Fortean path between dogmatic scientists and credulous believers, the authors trace tales of wonder back to their sources, drawing from a huge archive of observations, opinions and discussions. As the third millennium begins, many things are not yet known or understood about our world -- as this Rough Guide shows, there are still many riddles to solve and wonders to experience.

Chromic Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Chromic Phenomena by P. Bamfield Summary

Providing an entry point both for new researchers and for established ones, this book develops and investigates new applications for colour chemistry.

Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors by Kong-Thon Tsen Summary

There are many books in the market devoted to the review of certain fields. This book is different from those in that authors not only provide reviews of the fields but also present their own important contributions to the fields in a tutorial way. As a result, researchers who are already in the field of ultrafast dynamics in semicon ductors and its device applications as well as researchers and graduate students just entering the field will benefit from it. This book is made up of recent new developments in the field of ultrafast dynamics in semiconductors. It consists of nine chapters. Chapter 1 reviews a mi croscopic many-body theory which allows one to compute the linear and non-linear optical properties of semiconductor superlattices in the presence of homogeneous electric fields. Chapter 2 deals with ultrafast intersubband dynamics in quantum wells and device structures. Chapter 3 is devoted to Bloch oscillations in semicon ductors and their applications. Chapter 4 discusses transient electron transport phe nomena, such as electron ballistic transport and electron velocity overshoot phe nomena as well as non-equilibrium phonon dynamics in nanostructure semicon ductors. Chapter 5 reviews experimental and theoretical work on the use of the phase properties of one or more ultrashort optical pulses to generate and control electrical currents in semiconductors.

Advances in Transport Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Advances in Transport Phenomena by Liqiu Wang Summary

The term transport phenomena is used to describe processes in which mass, momentum, energy and entropy move about in matter. Advances in Transport Phenomena provide state-of-the-art expositions of major advances by theoretical, numerical and experimental studies from a molecular, microscopic, mesoscopic, macroscopic or megascopic point of view across the spectrum of transport p- nomena, from scientific enquiries to practical applications. The annual review series intends to fill the information gap between regularly published journals and university-level textbooks by providing in-depth review articles over a broader scope than in journals. The authoritative articles, contributed by international- leading scientists and practitioners, establish the state of the art, disseminate the latest research discoveries, serve as a central source of reference for fundamentals and applications of transport phenomena, and provide potential textbooks to senior undergraduate and graduate students. The series covers mass transfer, fluid mechanics, heat transfer and thermo- namics. The 2009 volume contains the four articles on biomedical, environmental and nanoscale transports. The editorial board expresses its appreciation to the c- tributing authors and reviewers who have maintained the standard associated with Advances in Transport Phenomena. We also would like to acknowledge the efforts of the staff at Springer who have made the professional and attractive pr- entation of the volume. Serial Editorial Board Editor-in-Chief Professor L. Q. Wang The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; [email protected] hk Editors Professor A. R. Balakrishnan Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India Professor A.

Advanced Transport Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Advanced Transport Phenomena by L. Gary Leal Summary

Advanced Transport Phenomena is ideal as a graduate textbook. It contains a detailed discussion of modern analytic methods for the solution of fluid mechanics and heat and mass transfer problems, focusing on approximations based on scaling and asymptotic methods, beginning with the derivation of basic equations and boundary conditions and concluding with linear stability theory. Also covered are unidirectional flows, lubrication and thin-film theory, creeping flows, boundary layer theory, and convective heat and mass transport at high and low Reynolds numbers. The emphasis is on basic physics, scaling and nondimensionalization, and approximations that can be used to obtain solutions that are due either to geometric simplifications, or large or small values of dimensionless parameters. The author emphasizes setting up problems and extracting as much information as possible short of obtaining detailed solutions of differential equations. The book also focuses on the solutions of representative problems. This reflects the book's goal of teaching readers to think about the solution of transport problems.

Mysterious Motions and Other Intriguing Phenomena in Physics

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Mysterious Motions and Other Intriguing Phenomena in Physics by G. Ranganath Summary

This book dwells upon intriguing examples and situations that are not generally analysed or discussed in standard textbook and formal couses in physics. In this book, a majority of the examples are from classical physics, which forms an essential part of our education. Each of the six chapters covers a major area of physics, and is subdivided into sections, each of which has a runing theme.

Theory of Critical Phenomena in Finite-size Systems

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Theory of Critical Phenomena in Finite-size Systems by ?ordan Brankov,Daniel M. Danchev,Nicholai S. Tonchev Summary

The aim of this book is to familiarise the reader with the rich collection of ideas, methods and results available in the theory of critical phenomena in systems with confined geometry. The existence of universal features of the finite-size effects arising due to highly correlated classical or quantum fluctuations is explained by the finite-size scaling theory. This theory (1) offers an interpretation of experimental results on finite-size effects in real systems; (2) gives the most reliable tool for extrapolation to the thermodynamic limit of data obtained by computer simulations; (3) reveals the intimate mechanism of how the critical singularities build up in the thermodynamic limit; and (4) can be fruitfully used to explain the low-temperature behaviour of quantum critical systems. The exposition is given in a self-contained form which presumes the reader's knowledge only in the framework of standard courses on the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena. The instructive role of simple models, both classical and quantum, is demonstrated by putting the accent on the derivation of rigorous and exact analytical results.

Geminos's Introduction to the Phenomena

Phenomena Pdf/ePub eBook

DownloadRead

Geminos's Introduction to the Phenomena by Gémino de Rodas,Geminus,James Evans,J. L. Berggren Summary

This book is generously illustrated with diagrams from medieval manuscripts of Geminos's text, as well as drawings and photographs of ancient astronomical instruments. It will be of great interest to students of the history of science, to classicists, and to professional and amateur astronomers who seek to learn more about the origins of their science."