Science and the Secrets of Nature by William Eamon Summary
By explaining how to sire multicolored horses, produce nuts without shells, and create an egg the size of a human head, Giambattista Della Porta's Natural Magic (1559) conveys a fascination with tricks and illusions that makes it a work difficult for historians of science to take seriously. Yet, according to William Eamon, it is in the "how-to" books written by medieval alchemists, magicians, and artisans that modern science has its roots. These compilations of recipes on everything from parlor tricks through medical remedies to wool-dyeing fascinated medieval intellectuals because they promised access to esoteric "secrets of nature." To popular readers of the early modern era, they offered a hands-on, experimental approach to nature that made scholastic natural philosophy seem abstract and sterile. In closely examining this rich but little-known source of literature, Eamon reveals that printing technology and popular culture had as great, if not stronger, an impact on early modern science as did the traditional academic disciplines. Medieval interest in the secrets of nature was spurred in part by ancient works such as Pliny's Natural History. As medieval experimenters adapted ancient knowledge to their changing needs, they created their own books of secrets, which expressed the uncritical, empiricist approach of popular culture rather than the subtle argumentation of scholastic science. The crude experimental methodology advanced by the "professors of secrets" became for the "new philosophers" of the seventeenth century a potent ideological weapon in the challenge of natural philosophy.
The Psychology of Secrets by Anita E. Kelly Summary
The public revelation of what were once considered extremely private matters is becoming a new social norm. Has this movement toward openness gone too far? Are there negative consequences to revealing secrets? When and why is it helpful to reveal secrets? What can be done to alleviate the burden of secrecy? Will the anguish of keeping a secret pass in time? What factors should enter into deciding to reveal a secret? This book addresses these questions.
Secrets of Life, Secrets of Death by Professor of History and Philosophy of Science in the Program in Science Technology and Society Evelyn Fox Keller,Evelyn Fox Keller Summary
The essays included here represent Fox Keller's attempts to integrate the insights of feminist theory with those of her contemporaries in the history and philosophy of science.
Book of Secrets by Lloyd Bradley,Essential Works,Thomas Eaton Summary
"Three may keep a secret, if two of them are dead." Did you know Pope John VIII was actually a woman? Or that the U.S. Government smashed a bacteria-laden lightbulb in a New York subway station in 1966 to see how long it would take to travel throughout the entire system? You will after reading the Book of Secrets. Everybody loves secrets and the world is full of them. And now the most interesting secrets are unleashed in Book of Secrets. Full of fascinating facts, this is one read you won't be able to put down! The clandestine, the covert, the surreptitious, furtive, and hush-hush are all revealed. Government secrets, religious secrets, food secrets, economic secrets, sexual secrets, secret societies, secret recipes-they're all in here. Within the pages of this book, one can find practical secrets revealed, such as how to guarantee a better seat on an airplane and how to win friends and influence people. Book of Secrets also contains some not-so-practical tidbits (all the more intriguing) such as famous American members of the Freemasons. Each book is bound with an irrestistible black leatherette flexicover with ribbon marker.
Women's Secrets by Helen Rodnite Lemay,Albertus Summary
Womens Secrets provides the first modern translation of the notorious treatise De secretis mulierum, popular throughout the late middle ages and into modern times. The Secrets deals with human reproduction and was written to instruct celibate medieval monks on the facts of life and some of the ways of the universe. However, the book had a much more far-reaching influence. Lemay shows how its message that women were evil, lascivious creatures built on the misogyny of the works Aristotelian sources and laid the groundwork for serious persecution of women. Both the content of the treatise and the reputation of its author (erroneously believed to be Albertus Magnus) inspired a few medieval scholars to compose lengthy commentaries on the text, substantial selections from which are included, providing further evidence of how medieval men interpreted science and viewed the female body.
Legal Secrets by Kim Lane Scheppele Summary
Does the seller of a house have to tell the buyer that the water is turned off twelve hours a day? Does the buyer of a great quantity of tobacco have to inform the seller that the military blockade of the local port, which had depressed tobacco sales and lowered prices, is about to end? Courts say yes in the first case, no in the second. How can we understand the difference in judgments? And what does it say about whether the psychiatrist should disclose to his patient's girlfriend that the patient wants to kill her? Kim Lane Scheppele answers the question, Which secrets are legal secrets and what makes them so? She challenges the economic theory of law, which argues that judges decide cases in ways that maximize efficiency, and she shows that judges use equality as an important principle in their decisions. In the course of thinking about secrets, Scheppele also explores broader questions about judicial reasoning—how judges find meaning in legal texts and how they infuse every fact summary with the values of their legal culture. Finally, the specific insights about secrecy are shown to be consistent with a general moral theory of law that indicates what the content of law should be if the law is to be legitimate, a theory that sees legal justification as the opportunity to attract consent. This is more than a book about secrets. It is also a book about the limits of an economic view of law. Ultimately, it is a work in constructive legal theory, one that draws on moral philosophy, sociology, economics, and political theory to develop a new view of legal interpretation and legal morality.
Management Secrets of the New England Patriots by James Lavin Summary
Definitive account of the New England Patriots. Analyzes "success factors" responsible for three Super Bowl victories in four seasons. Vol. 2 covers training, planning, collaborating, and motivating. Entertains and informs with humorous, insightful quotations from players, coaches, executives and owners. Essential for fans of Bill Belichick's Patriots and anyone building a great organization. Author earned his economics Ph.D. at Stanford, where he analyzed "high-performance work organizations" like the Patriots.
Secrets of the Sideshows by Joe Nickell Summary
"Joe Nickell - once a carnival pitchman, then a magician, private detective, and investigative writer - has pursued sideshow secrets for years and has worked the famous carnival midway at the Canadian National Exhibition. For this book, he interviewed showmen and performers, collected carnival memorabilia, researched published accounts of sideshows and their lore, and even performed some classic sideshow feats, such as eating fire and lying on a bed of nails as a cinderblock was broken on his chest. The result of these varied efforts, Secrets of the Sideshows tells the captivating story of the magic, tricks - real or illusory - and performers of the world's midway shows."--BOOK JACKET.
Yes! the Secrets Work by Anolia O. Facun Summary
Yes! The Secrets Work! brings a message of HOPE and VICTORY in the mid of today's many challenges. It is about MAKING A DIFFERENCE and being a part of the SOLUTION! It reveals the key to unlock your hidden treasures, discover your unlimited potential, and live the life you have always wanted. Here you will discover: * Life-changing SECRETS and how to make them work for you. * An in-depth understanding of the SIX AREAS of your life which help you achieve Total Wellness, and stay in the "Healthy Zone." * Simple answers and practical solutions to guide you through your journey in life and help you reach your goals and dreams.
Industrial Espionage and Trade Secrets by Martin Howard Sable Summary
This retrospective bibliography is a powerful tool with which researchers and practitioners in appropriate fields are able to study the problems of industrial espionage/trade secrets. Despite legal means to protect trade secrets, it is apparent that industrial espionage in the acquisition of trade the sequence is chronological by month and day.
Secrets, Gossip, and Gods by Paul Christopher Johnson Summary
In this wide-ranging book Paul Christopher Johnson explores the changing, hidden face of the Afro-Brazilian indigenous religion of Candombl?. Despite its importance in Brazilian society, Candombl? has received far less attention than its sister religions Vodou and Santeria. Johnson seeks to fill this void by offering a comprehensive look at the development, beliefs, and practices of Candombl? and exploring its transformation from a secret society of slaves--hidden, persecuted, and marginalized--to a public religion that is very much a part of Brazilian culture. Johnson traces this historical shift and locates the turning point in the creation of Brazilian national identity and a public sphere in the first half of the twentieth century. His major focus is on the ritual practice of secrecy in Candombl?. Like Vodou and Santeria and the African Yoruba religion from which they are descended, Candombl? features a hierarchic series of initiations, with increasing access to secret knowledge at each level. As Johnson shows, the nature and uses of secrecy evolved with the religion. First, secrecy was essential to a society that had to remain hidden from authorities. Later, when Candombl? became known and actively persecuted, its secrecy became a form of resistance as well as an exotic hidden power desired by elites. Finally, as Candombl? became a public religion and a vital part of Brazilian culture, the debate increasingly turned away from the secrets themselves and toward their possessors. It is speech about secrets, and not the content of those secrets, that is now most important in building status, legitimacy and power in Candombl?. Offering many first hand accounts of the rites and rituals of contemporary Candombl?, this book provides insight into this influential but little-studied group, while at the same time making a valuable contribution to our understanding of the relationship between religion and society.