Tender is the Night

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Tender is the Night by F Scott Fitzgerald Summary

It is the French Riviera in the 1920s. Nicole and Dick Diver are a wealthy, elegant, magnetic couple. A coterie of admirers are drawn to them, none more so than the blooming young starlet Rosemary Hoyt. When Rosemary falls for Dick, the Diver's calculated perfection begins to crack. As dark truths emerge, Fitzgerald shows both the disintegration of a marriage and the failure of idealism. Tender is the Night is as sad as it is beautiful.

Tender is the Night (Illustrated)

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Tender is the Night (Illustrated) by F. Scott Fitzgerald Summary

Tender Is the Night is a novel by American writer F. Scott Fitzgerald. It was his fourth and final completed novel, and was first published in Scribner's Magazine between January–April, 1934 in four issues. The title is taken from the poem "Ode to a Nightingale" by John Keats. In 1932, Fitzgerald's wife Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald was hospitalized for schizophrenia in Baltimore, Maryland. The author rented the "la Paix" estate in the suburb of Towson to work on this book, the story of the rise and fall of Dick Diver, a promising young psychoanalyst, and his wife, Nicole, who is also one of his patients. It was Fitzgerald's first novel in nine years, and the last that he would complete. While working on the book he several times ran out of cash and had to borrow from his editor and agent and write short stories for commercial magazines. The early 1930s, when Fitzgerald was conceiving and working on the book, were the darkest years of his life and, accordingly, the novel has its bleak elements. Two versions of this novel are in print. The first version, published in 1934, uses flashbacks; the second, revised version, prepared by Fitzgerald's friend and noted critic Malcolm Cowley on the basis of notes for a revision left by Fitzgerald, is ordered chronologically and was first published posthumously in 1948. Critics have suggested that Cowley's revision was undertaken due to negative reviews of the temporal structure of the first version of the book.

Tender Is the Night - The Original 1934 Edition

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Tender Is the Night - The Original 1934 Edition by Francis Scott Fitzgerald Summary

Tender Is the Night is a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald. In 1932, Fitzgerald's wife Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald was hospitalized for schizophrenia in Baltimore, Maryland. The author rented the "la Paix" estate in the suburb of Towson to work on this book, the story of the rise and fall of Dick Diver, a promising young psychoanalyst and his wife, Nicole, who is also one of his patients. While working on the book he several times ran out of cash and had to borrow from his editor and agent, and write short stories for commercial magazines. The early 1930s, when Fitzgerald was conceiving and working on the book, were certainly the darkest years of his life, and accordingly, the novel has its bleak elements. Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (1896-1940) was an American author of novels and short stories, whose works are the paradigmatic writings of the Jazz Age, a term he coined. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century.

Twenty-first-century Readings of Tender is the Night

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Twenty-first-century Readings of Tender is the Night by William Blazek,Laura Rattray Summary

F. Scott Fitzgerald's final completed novel, Tender is the Night, published in 1934 but written during the previous decade, is a quintessentially decadent story of Americans abroad in the Jazz Age. In this accessible collection of essays, an impressive congregation of North American and European scholars presents eleven new readings of this widely studied book. The list of noteworthy contributors, including the general editor of the Cambridge Edition of the Works of F. Scott Fitzgerald and the editors of the F. Scott Fitzgerald Review, makes this volume required reading for Fitzgerald scholars and fans.

Reader's Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night

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Reader's Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night by Matthew Joseph Bruccoli,Judith Baughman,Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald Summary

Bruccoli's substantial introduction reconstructs the composition, publication, and initial reception of the novel Fitzgerald forecast so enthusiastically when he wrote to his editor Maxwell Perkins in 1925. Bruccoli chronicles the novel's varied commencements, explains Fitzgerald's final approach to the novel, and addresses key criticisms of the work. Noting that discussion of Tender Is the Night habitually returns to its initial reception, Bruccoli refutes the common belief that the novel failed in 1934 because of a critical conspiracy. He describes Fitzgerald's brooding over the novel's stillbirth and his unsuccessful efforts to republish it in amended form. Comparing Fitzgerald's plan for restructuring the novel with Malcolm Cowley's 1951 edition, Bruccoli assesses the limited impact of the revised novel.

TENDER IS THE NIGHT

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TENDER IS THE NIGHT by Francis Scott Fitzgerald Summary

This eBook edition of "TENDER IS THE NIGHT" has been formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. Tender Is the Night is a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald. In 1932, Fitzgerald's wife Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald was hospitalized for schizophrenia in Baltimore, Maryland. The author rented the "la Paix" estate in the suburb of Towson to work on this book, the story of the rise and fall of Dick Diver, a promising young psychoanalyst and his wife, Nicole, who is also one of his patients. While working on the book he several times ran out of cash and had to borrow from his editor and agent, and write short stories for commercial magazines. The early 1930s, when Fitzgerald was conceiving and working on the book, were certainly the darkest years of his life, and accordingly, the novel has its bleak elements. Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (1896-1940) was an American author of novels and short stories, whose works are the paradigmatic writings of the Jazz Age, a term he coined. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century.

Tender Is the Night (The Original Unabridged 1934 Edition)

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Tender Is the Night (The Original Unabridged 1934 Edition) by Francis Scott Fitzgerald Summary

This carefully crafted ebook: "Tender Is the Night (The Original Unabridged 1934 Edition)” is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. Tender Is the Night is a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald. In 1932, Fitzgerald's wife Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald was hospitalized for schizophrenia in Baltimore, Maryland. The author rented the "la Paix" estate in the suburb of Towson to work on this book, the story of the rise and fall of Dick Diver, a promising young psychoanalyst and his wife, Nicole, who is also one of his patients. While working on the book he several times ran out of cash and had to borrow from his editor and agent, and write short stories for commercial magazines. The early 1930s, when Fitzgerald was conceiving and working on the book, were certainly the darkest years of his life, and accordingly, the novel has its bleak elements. Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (1896-1940) was an American author of novels and short stories, whose works are the paradigmatic writings of the Jazz Age, a term he coined. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century.

Tender Is the Night and F. Scott Fitzgerald's Sentimental Identities

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Tender Is the Night and F. Scott Fitzgerald's Sentimental Identities by Christian K. Messenger Summary

Tender Is the Night” and F. Scott Fitzgerald's Sentimental Identities is a major examination of Fitzgerald's 1934 masterpiece as the clearest exemplar of Fitzgerald's sentimentalism, a mode that shaped his distinctive blend of romance and realism throughout his career.

Tender is the Night

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Tender is the Night by Fitzgerald F.S. Summary

F. S. Fitzgerald (1896–1940) was an American writer, whose works illustrate the Jazz Age. Between the First World War and the Wall Street Crash the French Riviera was the stylish place for wealthy Americans to visit. Among the most fashionable are psychoanalyst Dick Diver and his wife Nicole, who hold court at their villa. Into their circle comes Rosemary Hoyt, a fi lm star, who is instantly attracted to them, but understands little of the dark secrets and hidden corruption that hold them together. As Dick draws closer to Rosemary, he fractures the delicate structure of his marriage and sets both Nicole and himself on to a dangerous path where only the strongest can survive.

The Composition of Tender is the Night

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The Composition of Tender is the Night by Matthew J. Bruccoli Summary

Working with the complete collection of Tender is the Night manuscripts in the Princeton University Library, Matthew J. Bruccoli reconstructs seventeen drafts and three versions of the novel to answer questions about F. Scott Fitzgerald’s major work that have long puzzled critics of modern literature. In 1934, nine years after the appearance of The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald permitted publication of Tender is the Night. Disappointed by its critical reception, Fitzgerald suggested that the structure of the novel should be drastically rearranged. In 1951, eleven years after his death, Charles Scribner’s Sons brought out an edition that incorporated Fitzgerald’s changes. Controversy arose over the merits of the two published versions and over the “nine lost years” in Fitzgerald’s life between his two great novels, years of rewriting before publication of Tender is the Night that resulted in six cartons of notes and drafts. After analyzing this wealth of material, Bruccoli reconstructs every working stage in the novel and reaches his own conclusions about which edition is the most valid.

The Cinema of Malcolm Lowry

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The Cinema of Malcolm Lowry by Miguel Mota,Paul Tiessen Summary

To a remarkable extent the filmscript of Tender is the Night, which Malcolm Lowry wrote in 1949-50 with the help of Margerie Bonner Lowry, is less an adaptation of F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel than an extension of Lowry's own fiction. As Miguel Mota and Paul Tiessen show, Malcolm Lowry's script contains important passages which are really "cinematic" restatements of parts of Lowry's novel Lunar Caustic, and of short stories such as "Through the Panama" and "Strange Comfort Afforded by the Profession." The editors note also the many direct and indirect allusions to elements from Lowry's master-work, Under the Volcano (1947), a novel that is regarded by many critics as one of the most "cinematic" prose works of the twentieth century. A close study of the text reveals that Lowry took on the Tender is the Night project partly as a means of reopening his Under the Volcano narrative, of re-exploring its plot and problems and its characters and themes, and of carrying as far as possible the "cinematic" style he had begun to examine in that work. Lowry's Tender is the Night manuscript is important, then, not only as a completed, 455-page text in its own right but also as a text having a direct bearing on Lowry's own reading of Under the Volcano and of his sense of artistic direction after that work. Indeed, the editors consider the significance of the filmscript as a key - hitherto almost entirely overlooked - to understanding his projected multiple volume work, The Voyage That Never Ends. This scholarly edition of Lowry's script presents 38 passages of varying length - from less than one page to over 100 pages - in which Lowry writes with a freedom and creativity that lead to a text narratively and stylistically quite separate and distinct from Fitzgerald's original. It excludes passages where Lowry adheres more or less slavishly, at 37 intervals, to Fitzgeralds' novel, though it provides brief narrative summaries of and comments on those omitted sections. Lowry's achievement in his filmscript demonstrates the nature of his life-long commitment to and extensive knowledge of the international cinema from the 1910s to the 1950s and also the nature of his view of the novelist's responsibility to participate in the development of film as an art. The script also illustrates Lowry's relationship with F. Scott Fitzgerald as one in a series of literary kinships, and as the editors point out, the work becomes a criticism and analysis of both Fitzgerald's novel and of Fitzgerald himself.

Critical Essays on F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night

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Critical Essays on F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night by Milton R. Stern,Scott Donaldson,R Stern Milton Summary

Download or read Critical Essays on F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night

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F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night by Matthew Joseph Bruccoli,George Parker Anderson Summary

Provides resources for a fuller understanding of Fitzgerald's masterpiece. It assembles and organizes evidence not otherwise available in one place, allowing readers to more fully comprehend reading this masterpiece. Discusses the impact of Fitzgerald's drinking during the time he worked on this novel, and the final version in which he re-ordered the story in straight chronological order that was posthumously published in 1951.

Tender is the Night

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Tender is the Night by Milton R. Stern Summary

Written in an easy-to-read, accessible style by teachers with years of classroom experience, Masterwork Studies are guides to the literary works most frequently studied in high school. Presenting ideas that spark imaginations, these books help students to gain background knowledge on great literature useful for papers and exams. The goal of each study is to encourage creative thinking by presenting engaging information about each work and its author. This approach allows students to arrive at sound analyses of their own, based on in-depth studies of popular literature. Each volume: -- Illuminates themes and concepts of a classic text -- Uses clear, conversational language -- Is an accessible, manageable length from 140 to 170 pages -- Includes a chronology of the author's life and era -- Provides an overview of the historical context -- Offers a summary of its critical reception -- Lists primary and secondary sources and index

Gender Roles and Locations in Fitzgerald's Tender Is the Night

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Gender Roles and Locations in Fitzgerald's Tender Is the Night by Florence Chazarenc Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 2,5, University of Basel, 6 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night is a fascinating novel about expatriated Americans living at the French Riviera. The plot sets the ground for many interesting topics to examine. Especially gender roles are a central topic and therefore my focus will be on the gender performativity. There will be a close look at the four of the main characters, namely Dick Diver and his wife Nicole, the actress Rosemary Hoyt and the career soldier Tommy Barban. The more, their behaviour in the different locations and the place itself will be investigated. One can claim that the various characters perform in a new way they do in another location. So the question arises, whether the gender roles are manifested or presented in the different locations. For this paper many articles have been taken in consideration. For the section of Modernism, the text of Marianne Dekoven "Modernism and Gender" is the base. An important text about the issues in Modernism and Paris is Gerald Kennedy's "Modernism as Exile: Fitzgerald, Barnes, and the Unreal City" in Imaging Paris: Exile, Writing, and American Identity. Another core text is Donald Pizer's "Expatriate writing," it gives descriptions about the different settings. The last text is "Non-Combatant's Shell Shock" Trauma and Gender in F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night written by Tiffany Joseph, she analyses the characters from the novel. To set a ground for the analysis a basic background about the concept of modernism and gender roles will be presented. "Shifts in gender relations at the turn of the century were a key factor in the emergence of Modernism" (Dekoven 174). In the time of 1880 to 1920 the art form of Modernism rose to a superior position and the first wave of feminism took place. The leading role was played by independent, educated and liberal women, whic

F. Scott Fitzgerald

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F. Scott Fitzgerald by Nicolas Tredell Summary

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Tender Is the Night and the Last Tycoon

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Tender Is the Night and the Last Tycoon by F. Scott Fitzgerald Summary

With an Introduction and Notes by Henry Claridge, Senior Lecturer, School of English, University of Kent at Canterbury. Tender is the Night is a story set in the hedonistic high society of Europe during the 'Roaring Twenties'. A wealthy schizophrenic, Nicole Warren, falls in love with Dick Diver - her psychiatrist. The resulting saga of the Divers' troubled marriage, and their circle of friends, includes a cast of aristocratic and beautiful people, unhappy love affairs, a duel, incest, and the problems inherent in the possession of great wealth. Despite cataloguing a maelstrom of interpersonal conflict, Tender is the Night has a poignancy and warmth that springs from the quality of Fitzgerald's writing and the tragic personal experiences on which the novel is based. Six years separate Tender is the Night and The Last Tycoon, the novel Fitzgerald left unfinished at his death in December 1940. Fitzgerald lived in Hollywood more or less continuously from July 1937 until his death, and a novel about the film industry at the height of 'the studio system' centred on the working life of a top producer was begun in 1939. Even in its incomplete state The Last Tycoon remains the greatest American novel about Hollywood and contains some of Fitzgerald's most brilliant writing.