The Crucible by Arthur Miller Summary
The Crucible is a study in the mass hysteria which led to the 1692 Salem witchcraft trials, concentrating on the fate of some of the key figures caught up in the persecution. It powerfully depicts people and principles under pressure and the issues and motivations involved. At the same time, it is also a parable for the events of the McCarthy era in the USA of the 1950s when anyone suspected of left-wing views was arraigned for 'Un-American Activities'.
The Crucible by Arthur Miller Summary
Arthur Miller's classic parable of mass hysteria draws a chilling parallel between the Salem witch-hunt of 1692 - 'one of the strangest and most awful chapters in human history' - and the McCarthyism which gripped America in the 1950s. The story of how the small community of Salem is stirred into madness by superstition, paranoia and malice, culminating in a violent climax, is a savage attack on the evils of mindless persecution and the terrifying power of false accusations.
The Crucible - Arthur Miller by Harold Bloom Summary
The Crucible still has permanence and relevance a half century after its initial publication. This powerful political drama set amidst the Salem witch trials is commonly understood as Arthur Miller's poignant response to McCarthyism. Filled with fresh essays about the play, the new edition of this invaluable literary guide features a bibliography and notes on the essay contributors.
The Crucible by James J. Martine Summary
"The 1953 premiere of The Crucible confirmed Arthur Miller's reputation as one of America's most important and serious playwrights as it underscored the earlier success of Miller's Pulitzer Prize winning drama, Death of a Salesman. While dealing with the 1692 witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts, The Crucible reveals Miller's concern with issues of individual conscience and guilt by association - issues that were manifest in the social and political problems of his own time. The drama is both a historical play of 17th-century colonial America and a parable about the communist witch-hunts in the United States of the 1950s. Miller uses the moral absolutism of Puritan Salem to parallel the infamous congressional hearings led by Senator Joseph McCarthy. The events which frame Miller's tragic drama are separated by some two hundred and sixty years, but are joined by circumstances where elements of disparate societies seek only evidence of guilt and ignore or suppress all evidence to suggest otherwise. With universal themes that transcend time and place, including national borders, The Crucible remains one of the most often produced American plays worldwide." "In The Crucible: Politics, Property, and Pretense, James J. Martine extends his analysis beyond the standard critical appraisals that compare the drama's setting only to the time in which it was written - the McCarthy era. Martine examines in detail Miller's historical sources and the ways in which he adapted this material to his contemporary audience. Martine suggests the play should be "read" within a variety of contexts, that is, as a product of and reaction to the McCarthy era, as a milestone in the development of Miller's work, as an exemplar of the genre of tragedy, as part of the tradition of American theatre, and as a basis for later adaptations. in his discussion, Martine considers both the written text and the play as public performance. He examines the play's settings, props, and exits and entrances, and draws attention to the various ways in which Miller built these directions about the play's performance into the written text. Martine argues convincingly that The Crucible should not be approached as a monochromatic written text as it often has been, but as a multifaceted performance text. His study includes photographs of a contemporary staged production, in addition to commentary on Robert Ward's Pulitzer prize-winning opera based on Miller's drama. Martine's multi-leveled exploration enables the reader to understand and thus appreciate The Crucible and Arthur Miller more fully."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
The Crucible - Literature Kit Gr. 9-12 by Chad Ibbotson Summary
In this State Standards-aligned Literature Kit™, we divide the novel by chapters or sections and feature reading comprehension and vocabulary questions. In every section, we include Before You Read and After You Read questions. The Before You Read activities prepare students for reading by setting a purpose for reading. They stimulate background knowledge and experience, and guide students to make connections between what they know and what they will learn. The After You Read activities check students' comprehension and extend their learning. Students are asked to give thoughtful consideration of the text through creative and evaluative short-answer questions and journal prompts. Also included are writing tasks, graphic organizers, comprehension quiz, test prep, word search, and crossword to further develop students' critical thinking and writing skills, and analysis of the text. About the Novel: The Crucible is the award-winning play written by Arthur Miller about the Salem witch trials of 1692. One night in Salem Massachusetts, a group of girls are caught dancing in the woods by Reverend Parris. His own daughter falls into a coma soon after, and the town is ablaze with talks of witchcraft. The Reverend sends for Reverend Hale to examine the girl for witchcraft. Hale concludes that the town of Salem is in fact engulfed in witchcraft as one by one the girls accuse other townspeople of communing with the devil. A trial ensues causing those accused to either deny these allegations, or confess, thus accusing someone else. This cycle finally culminates in the death of several innocent townsfolk. The Crucible is a historical dramatization of true events that show reputation is more important than admitting ignorance. All of our content is aligned to your State Standards and are written to Bloom's Taxonomy.
CliffsNotes on Miller's The Crucible by Denis M. Calandra,Jennifer L. Scheidt Summary
The original CliffsNotes study guides offer a look into critical elements and ideas within classic works of literature. The latest generation of titles in this series also feature glossaries and visual elements that complement the classic, familiar format. CliffsNotes on The Crucible takes you into Arthur Miller's play about good and evil, self-identity and morality. Following the atmosphere and action of the Salem witch trials of the 1600s, this study guide looks into Puritan culture with critical commentaries about each act and scene. Other features that help you figure out this important work include Life and background of the author Introduction to the play Character web and in-depth analyses of the major roles Summaries and glossaries related to each act Essays that explore the author's narrative technique and the play's historical setting A review section that tests your knowledge and suggests essay topics and practice projects A Resource Center for checking out details on books, publications, and Internet resources Classic literature or modern-day treasure—you'll understand it all with expert information and insight from CliffsNotes study guides.
Arthur Miller - Death of a Salesman/The Crucible by Stephen Marino Summary
This guide surveys the criticism surrounding two of Arthur Miller's most popular and widely-studied plays. From initial theatre reviews to twenty-first-century scholarship, Stephen Marino examines the major debates and trends of critical inquiry providing an essential resource for anyone with an interest in Miller's work.
The Crucible by Yay Panlilio Summary
On December 8, 1941, as the Pacific War reached the Philippines, Yay Panlilio, a Filipina-Irish American, faced a question with no easy answer: How could she contribute to the war? In this 1950 memoir, The Crucible: An Autobiography by Colonel Yay, Filipina American Guerrilla, Panlilio narrates her experience as a journalist, triple agent, leader in the Philippine resistance against the Japanese, and lover of the guerrilla general Marcos V. Augustin. From the war-torn streets of Japanese-occupied Manila, to battlegrounds in the countryside, and the rural farmlands of central California, Panlilio blends wry commentary, rigorous journalistic detail, and popular romance. Weaving together appearances by Douglas MacArthur and Carlos Romulo with dangerous espionage networks, this work provides an insightful perspective on the war. The Crucible invites readers to see new intersections in Filipina/o, Asian American, and American literature studies, and Denise Cruz's introduction imparts key biographical, historical, and cultural contexts to that purpose.
Robert Ward's The Crucible by Robert Paul Kolt Summary
In Robert Ward's The Crucible: Creating an American Musical Nationalism, Robert Paul Kolt explores the life of the American composer Robert Ward through an examination of his most popular and enduring work, The Crucible. Focusing on the musical-linguistic relationships within the opera, Kolt demonstrates Ward's unique synthesis of text and music, one that lends itself to the perception of American musical nationalism. This book contains the most thorough and in-depth biography of Ward yet in print. Based on interviews with the composer, Kolt presents new information about Ward's life and career, focusing on his opera and examining the formation and construction of The Crucible's libretto and score, in turn offering new insights into the process of composing an opera. Kolt observes how the libretto's linguistic aspects helped Ward formulate the opera's melodic and rhythmic musical material. A detailed and unique analysis of the opera, particularly the musical and linguistic techniques Ward employed, demonstrates how these techniques lend themselves to the opera's reception as a work of American musical nationalism. The book also provides yet unpublished information on Arthur Miller's play, examining how it came to be written and soon after became the basis for Ward's work. Several appendixes provide a fuller picture, including a deleted scene from Miller's play and Ward's version of the scene, a chronological overview of the Salem Witchcraft Trials, and illustrations and photo reproductions from Ward's manuscript.
The Dual Historical Context of Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" by Kristin Hammer Summary
Seminar paper from the year 2000 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,7 (A-), University of Munster (Anglistics/ American Studies), course: Advanced Seminar Modern American Drama, 13 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: As Arthur Miller states in his autobiography,1 The Crucible has become his most frequently produced play. This great success of a conventional drama can certainly not be explained without regard to its political message. When the play was first performed in 1953, its audiences were quick to recognize the connections between the witch craze in 17th century Massachusetts and the American anti-communist hysteria of their own time. Like any literary text, The Crucible reflects the conditions under which it was produced, and Miller himself says that he could not have written it at any other time.2 Since in this case parallels between the events in both times are extremely striking, it seems necessary for the understanding and interpretation of the play to explain its dual historical context. At the same time, it would be wrong to interpret Miller's drama against this background only. Or, as Reitz puts it: "The Crucible ist kein Schlusseldrama, das auf die vordergrundige Aktualitat von Wiedererkennungseffekten setzt und zu diesem Zweck Anhanger und Gegner McCarthys als Puritaner (...) kostumiert."3 Miklos Trocsanyi argues similarly, pointing out that Miller was glad, when in the contemporary criticism (...) less and less mention was made of and parallel drawn between the witchcraft hysteria and McCarthyism. It meant that the deeper message was more and more appreciated.4 Finding out about this "deeper message" is what the analysis of the dual historical context aims at. Therefore this research paper will, after explaining the historical circumstances of both the Salem witch hunt and the American anticommunism under McCarthy, focus on parallel phenomena underlying the events in both times. This comparison, whic"