Theatre Under the Nazis

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Theatre Under the Nazis by John London Summary

Were those who worked in the theatres of the Third Reich willing participants in the Nazi propaganda machine or artists independent of official ideology? To what extent did composers such as Richard Strauss and Carl Orff follow Nazi dogma? How did famous directors such as Gustaf Grüdgens and Jürgen Fehling react to the new regime? Why were Shakespeare and George Bernard Shaw among the most performed dramatists of the time? And why did the Nazis sanction Jewish theatre? This is the first book in English about theater in the entire Nazi period. The book is based on contemporary press reports, research in German archives, and interviews with surviving playwrights, actors, and musicians.

How Green Were the Nazis?

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How Green Were the Nazis? by Franz-Josef Brüggemeier,Mark Cioc,Thomas Zeller Summary

The Nazis created nature preserves, contemplated sustainable forestry, curbed air pollution, and designed the autobahn highway network as a way of bringing Germans closer to nature. How Green Were the Nazis? is the first book to examine the ideology and practice of environmental protection in Nazi Germany. Environmentalists and conservationists in Germany welcomed the rise of the Nazi regime with open arms, for the most part, and hoped that it would bring about legal and institutional changes. However, environmentalists soon realized that the rhetorical attention that they received from the regime did not always translate into action. By the late 1930s, nature and the environment became less pressing concerns as Nazi Germany prepared and executed its extensive war. Based on prodigious archival research, and written by some of the most important scholars in the field of twentieth-century German history, How Green Were the Nazis? illuminates the ideological overlap between Nazi ideas and conservationist agendas. Moreover, this landmark book underscores that the "green" policies of the Nazis were more than a mere episode or aberration in environmental history.------EDITORS---Franz-Josef Brueggemeier is a professor of history at the university of Freiburg, Germany. He has published extensively in the field of environmental history in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Europe.Mark Cioc is a professor of history at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and editor of the journal Environmental History. He is the author of The Rhine: An Eco-Biography, 1815-2000. Thomas Zeller is an assistant professor in the department of history at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is the author of Strae, Bahn, Panorama, translated as Driving Germany.

The Rise of the Nazis

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The Rise of the Nazis by Conan Fischer Summary

In this new edition of The Rise of the Nazis, Conan Fischer takes stock of the current debates on how and why the Nazis seized power in Germany. The book begins with an overview of the historical context within which Nazism grew, looking at foreign relations, politics and society of Weinmar, and in particular, at the role of the elites in the rise of Nazism. It proceeds to examine the anatomy of Nazism itself. Since the publication of the first edition, important new works have appeared and this new scholarship has been incorporated into the text.

Collaboration with the Nazis

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Collaboration with the Nazis by Roni Stauber Summary

This book examines the changes in representing collaboration, during the Holocaust, especially in the destruction of European Jewry, in the public discourse and the historiography of various countries in Europe that were occupied by the Germans, or were considered, at least during part of the war, as Germany's allies or satellites. In particular, it shows how representations and responses have been conditioned by national and political trends and constraints. As historical background to the issues of postwar collective memory and public discourse, it includes references to and short descriptions of major manifestations of collaboration, chiefly in regards to the Jews, in each of these countries during the war. Whether they were Communist or democratic regimes, the book shows how the sudden burden of the past was suppressed, denied or distorted in various periods. Covering a wide area of both Eastern and Western Europe from different specialist perspectives, this comprehensive study of collaboration in the Holocaust and its aftermath will be a valuable tool for teachers and students in the field of modern European history and Holocaust studies.

Why Did the Rise of the Nazis Happen?

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Why Did the Rise of the Nazis Happen? by Charles Freeman Summary

Following their defeat during World War I, the Germans were looking for new leadership. Nazi Germany, also called the Third Reich, began when Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany under the National Socialist German Worker’s Party (NSDAP) whose followers were called Nazis. Why the Germans embraced the Nazis rise to power is examined in this thoughtful book, which includes panels featuring subject-matter expert opinions to encourage critical thinking.

The New Illustrated History of the Nazis

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The New Illustrated History of the Nazis by Alessandra Minerbi Summary

"A New Illustrated History of the Nazis traces the roots of the movement from the end of World War I through to the fall of the Berlin Wall. Details are documented throughout with rare archive photographs, examples of Nazi propaganda, political maps and economic statistics. These include the consequences of the Wehrmacht, details of life under the Nazi regime and biographies of the key figures in the Third Reich." "Paying particular attention to the holocaust, the policy and purpose of 'total war', the state of German society and the systematic use of propaganda and terror, this book is an essential purchase for the history enthusiast."--BOOK JACKET.

The Rise of the Nazis

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The Rise of the Nazis by Neil Tonge Summary

Describes the rise of the Nazis to power in Germany before the start of World War II.

Jewish Resistance Against the Nazis

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Jewish Resistance Against the Nazis by Patrick Henry Summary

This volume puts to rest the myth that the Jews went passively to the slaughter like sheep. Indeed Jews resisted in every Nazi-occupied country - in the forests, the ghettos, and the concentration camps.The essays presented here consider Jewish resistance to be resistance by Jewish persons in specifically Jewish groups, or by Jewish persons working within non-Jewish organizations. Resistance could be armed revolt; flight; the rescue of targeted individuals by concealment in non-Jewish homes, farms, and institutions; or by the smuggling of Jews into countries where Jews were not objects of Nazi persecution. Other forms of resistance include every act that Jewish people carried out to fight against the dehumanizing agenda of the Nazis - acts such as smuggling food, clothing, and medicine into the ghettos, putting on plays, reading poetry, organizing orchestras and art exhibits, forming schools, leaving diaries, and praying. These attempts to remain physically, intellectually, culturally, morally, and theologically alive constituted resistance to Nazi oppression, which was designed to demolish individuals, destroy their soul, and obliterate their desire to live.

The Nazis

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The Nazis by William Dudley Summary

Both Nazi propagandists and opponents used cartoons to spread their ideas in Germany and other parts of the world. This unique collection of political cartoons chronicles the rise and fall of Adolf Hitler with contributions from German, British, Soviet, and American artists.

The Nazi Census

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The Nazi Census by Götz Aly,Karl Heinz Roth,Edwin Black,Assenka Oksiloff Summary

A controversial book when originally published in Germany, The Nazi Census documents the origins of the census in modern Germany, along with the parallel development of machines that helped first collect data on Germans, then specifically on Jews and other minorities. G�tz Aly and Karl Heinz Roth begin by examining the history of statistical technology in Germany, from the Hollerith machine in the 1890s through the development and licensing of IBM punch-card technology. Aly and Roth explain that census data was collected on non-Germans in order to satisfy the state's desire to track racial groups for alleged security reasons. Later this information led to disastrous results for those groups and others that were tracked in similar ways. Ultimately, as G�tz Aly and Karl Heinz Roth point out in this short, rigorously researched book, the techniques the Nazis employed to track, gather information, and control populations initiated the modern system of citizen registration. Aly and Roth argue that what led to the devastating effects of the Nazi census was the ends to which they used their data, not their means. It is the employment of "normal" methods of collection that the authors examine historically as it applies to the Nazi regime, and also the way contemporary methods of classification and control still affect the modern world.

New Religions and the Nazis

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New Religions and the Nazis by Karla O. Poewe Summary

This book sheds light on an important but neglected part of Nazi history – the contribution of new religions to the emergence of Nazi ideology in 1920s and 1930s Germany. Post –World War I conditions threw Germans into major turmoil. The loss of the war, the Weimar Republic and the punitive Treaty of Versailles all caused widespread discontent and resentment. As a result Germans generally and intellectuals specifically took political, paramilitary, and religious matters into their own hands to achieve national regeneration. Taken together such cultural figures as Jakob Wilhelm Hauer, Mathilde Ludendorff, Ernst Bergmann, Hans F.K. Günther, and nationalist writers like Hans Grimm created a mind-set that swept across Germany like a tidal wave. By fusing politics, religion, theology, Indo-Aryan metaphysics, literature and Darwinian science they intended to craft a new, genuinely German faith-based political community. What emerged instead was an anti-Semitic totalitarian political regime known as National Socialism. Looking at modern paganism as well as the established Church, Karla Poewe reveals that the new religions founded in the pre-Nazi and Nazi years, especially Jakob Hauer's German Faith Movement, present a model for how German fascism distilled aspects of religious doctrine into political extremism. New Religions and the Nazis addresses one of the most important questions of the twentieth century – how and why did Germans come to embrace National Socialism? Researched from original documents, letters and unpublished papers, including the SS personnel files held in the German Federal Archives, it is an absorbing and fresh approach to the difficulties raised by this deeply significant period of history.

Mathematicians Under the Nazis

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Mathematicians Under the Nazis by Sanford L. Segal Summary

The effects of the Nazi regime on the lives of mathematicians ranged from limitations on foreign contact to power struggles that rattled entire institutions, from changed work patterns to military draft, deportation, and death. Based on extensive archival research, Mathematicians under the Nazis shows how these mathematicians, variously motivated, reacted to the period's intense political pressures. It details the consequences of their actions on their colleagues and on the practice and organs of German mathematics, including its curricula, institutions, and journals. Throughout, Segal's focus is on the biographies of individuals, including mathematicians who resisted the injection of ideology into their profession, some who worked in concentration camps, and others (such as Ludwig Bieberbach) who used the "Aryanization" of their profession to further their own agendas. Some of the figures are no longer well known; others still tower over the field. All lived lives complicated by Nazi power.

The Nazi War on Cancer

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The Nazi War on Cancer by Robert Proctor Summary

Proctor relates how Nazi Germany was progressive in promoting health reforms--including anti-smoking campaigns, restrictions on asbestos, and the promotion of vegetarianism--which stemmed from the idea of a racial utopia reserved exclusively for pure and healthy Germans. 40 halftones. 5 tables.

The Nazi Conscience

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The Nazi Conscience by Professor of History Claudia Koonz,Claudia Koonz Summary

The author identifies the "ethnic fundamentalism" that infused Nazism, revealing the "conscience" and civic morality that founded the core of Nazi ideology, using a wide variety of sources to flesh out this controversial take on the Nazis. (History)

Nazi International

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Nazi International by Joseph P. Farrell Summary

Physicist and Oxford educated historian Joseph P. Farrell continues his best-selling series of exposés on secret Nazi technology, Nazi survival, and post-war Nazi manipulation of various manufacturing technologies, economies and whole countries. Beginning with pre-War corporate partnerships in the USA, including the Bush family, he moves on to the surrender of Nazi Germany, and evacuation plans of the Germans. He then covers the vast, and still-little-known recreation of Nazi Germany in South America with help of Juan Peron, I.G. Farben and Martin Bormann. Farrell then covers Nazi Germany’s Penetration of the Muslim World including Wilhelm Voss and Otto Skorzeny in Gamel Abdul Nasser’s Egypt before moving onto the development and control of New Energy Technologies including the Bariloche Fusion Project, Dr. Philo Farnsworth’s Plasmator, and the Work of Dr. Nikolai Kozyrev. Finally, Farrell discusses the Nazi desire to control space, and examines their connection with NASA, the esoteric meaning of NASA Mission Patches, plus final chapters on: Alchemy, Esotericism, The SS and the Unified Field Theory Craze; 1943-1945: Strange Events from the end of World War II and other “Postwar Shenanigans.” This book is literally packed with information.

The Jehovah's Witnesses and the Nazis

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The Jehovah's Witnesses and the Nazis by Michel Reynaud,Sylvie Graffard Summary

The Jehovah's Witnesses endured intense persecution under the Nazi regime, from 1933 to 1945. Unlike the Jews and others persecuted and killed by virtue of their birth, Jehovah's Witnesses had the opportunity to escape persecution and personal harm by renouncing their religious beliefs. The vast majority refused and throughout their struggle, continued to meet, preach, and distribute literature. In the face of torture, maltreatment in concentration camps, and sometimes execution, this unique group won the respect of many contemporaries. Up until now, little has been known of their particular persecution.

The Nazis' March to Chaos

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The Nazis' March to Chaos by Roger A. Beaumont Summary

Analyzes the chaos within the Third Reich, Nazi technical prowess versus anti-modernism, German military theory and the chaos of war, "Nazi Commissars," and various aspects of the Holocaust.

Hitler and the Nazis

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Hitler and the Nazis by William W. Lace Summary

Discusses Adolf Hitler, his rise to power, the Nazification of Germany, the fate of the Jews, and the Third Reich during World War II.